AMD is a condition in which the retinal cells in the macula, the part of the retina responsible for central vision, deteriorate and atrophy. The result is a central blind spot or distortion of the vision making reading, recognizing faces, or performing fine detailed work difficult.
Blepharitis is inflammation of the eyelids which can result in scaling, red eye, stinging, burning, pain or foreign body sensation. Chronic blepharitis can affect function and quality of life if not treated appropriately.
Cataract is a clouding of the normally clear, naturally occuring crystalline lens in the eye. The result may be blurred vision; glare or haloes around lights, especially headlights and street lights at night; feeling as if there is a film or fogginess in the vision; difficulty reading signs or fine print. The only treatment for cataracts is surgical removal.
Eye fatigue, discomfort, strain, blurriness, dryness and tearing can all result from prolonged computer work. We can give advice on how to improve the condition and recommend prevention strategies.
Conjunctivitis is redness of the lining of the eye. The cause may be bacterial ("pinkeye"), viral, allergies, or chemical or environmental irritants. Treatment will vary depending on the identified or suspected cause.
Corneal abrasion is a scratched eye and is extremely painful. Fortunately the cornea heals very quickly in most cases.
Dry eyes are extremely common and present with various symptoms. The most common symptoms are tearing (reflex), foreign body sensation, "sand in the eye", redness and blurred vision.
Floaters are gray or dark specks that float in the vitreous cavity. They may look like a bug flew by or a bunch of lines or strings. Often they are accompanied by flashes of light if there is traction on the retina. Most floaters and flashes are benign but they could indicate a more serious vision threatening problem such as a retinal tear or detachment; prompt exam of any new flashes or floaters by an ophthalmologist is warranted.
Glaucoma is a disease of the optic nerve, usually caused by elevated intraocular pressure. It is highly treatable if detected early. Unfortunately, there are no symptoms until late in the disease, which is why periodic eye exams are important.
The meibomian glands are glands in the eyelids which produce the outermost layer of the tear film, protecting the eye and preventing the watery layer of tears from evaporating. Clogged meibomian glands may lead to styes, chalazia, and are the most common cause of dry eye. We offer the Lipiflow treatment for MGD.
Ocular migraines present with a visual aura, which can be a sudden blind spot, peripheral sparkly lights, zig zag lines, or "heat waves", or tunnel vision. The symptoms last about 15-60 minutes, are not accompanied by other neurological symptoms such as numbness or weakness or loss of speech, and the patient feels perfectly normal when the symptoms resolve.
Chronic blepharitis and meibomian gland dysfunction can lead to styes or chalazia, which are infections or blockages of the various glands in the eyelids. Most resolve on their own with hot compresses, but some require medication or even drainage.